This agreement replaces, for the States that have ratified it, the three agreements concluded in 1952 under the League of Arab States, which are currently in force and which concern judicial notifications and procedures, enforcement of sanctions and the extradition of offenders. (a) For the application of this party, judgment means any decision, regardless of nomenclature, made in the context of judicial or judicial proceedings of the courts or a competent authority of a party. Visits by judicial delegations and exchanges of members of the judiciary and other experts to monitor the evolution of legislation and justice are also encouraged by the parties, as well as exchanges of views on legal problems and study visits by staff of each state. There are two important international agreements on enforcement and service in the region to which Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates have adhered: the Riyadh and Justice Agreement (“Riyad Convention”) of 1996 and the 1996 Gulf Cooperation Council Convention on the Implementation of Judgments, Delegations and Judicial Communications (the GCC Convention). The Riyadh and GCC agreements cover many of the same themes, such as the recognition and enforcement of civil judgments, mutual legal assistance by national courts in support of foreign proceedings, and the meaning of legal documents, including judicial proceedings. All witnesses or experts, regardless of nationality, who should be present on the territory of one of the contracting parties and who do so voluntarily for this purpose before the judicial bodies of the applicant party enjoy immunity from criminal prosecution against them or arrest or imprisonment on the basis of previous acts committed in their part or during the execution of convictions handed down before they enter the territory of the applicant. (a) the authority that issues the document or the judicial or extrajudicial document; The procedures implemented by a mutual legal aid commission in accordance with the provisions of this agreement have the same legal value as if they had been conducted before the applicant`s competent body. However, the provisions of this article do not prevent the temporary secondment of the person concerned from appearing before the applicant`s judicial authorities, provided that the applicant undertakes to return that person as soon as the judicial authorities have ruled on his case. Requests for court and extrajudicial documents and documents are accompanied by a document containing the following information: The judicial authority that reviews the application for recognition in accordance with the text of this article may observe the rule of law in its own country.

(b) the contracting party who extradited him approves these proceedings, provided that a new application, accompanied by the documents listed in Article 42 of this agreement and a minutes containing the statements of the extradited person regarding the extension of the extradition, which indicates that he had the opportunity to submit his defence to the competent authorities of the contracting parties who request it. , are established. In 2012, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia introduced a new arbitration right (the “Arbitration Act”) that replaced the previous arbitration right of 1983. The Arbitration Act is largely based on the UNCLOS`s 1985 Model International Commercial Arbitration Act and has introduced a series of promising amendments to arbitration as a method of dispute resolution in the kingdom.