Why Did The British Sign The 1900 Buganda Agreement
Before the signing of the agreement, the whole country in Buganda belonged to Kabaka, hence the title of Sabataka. 5. The laws enacted by Her Majesty`s Government for the General Management of the Ugandan Protectorate apply in the same way to the Kingdom of Uganda, unless they conflict with the provisions of this agreement, the provisions of this agreement being a special exception for the Kingdom of Uganda. However, with the signing of the 1900 Agreement, land was allocated to Kabaka, its family members and its leaders, as civil servants and also as individuals. The land issue was addressed in Article 15, which estimated the total area of land in Buganda at 19,600 square miles. But the agreement also stipulated that if a survey were to be conducted, and it was found that Buganda had less than 19,600 square miles, “then the part of the country that must be entrusted to Her Majesty`s Government will be reduced to the extent by the lack found in the estimated area.” After the agreement came into force, the country was divided in Buganda to Mailo and Kronland. Mailo Land belonged to the von Buganda government and its officials, while the Crown belonged to the protectorate government. The signing, in 1900, took place after years of negotiations under the leadership of Bishop Alfred Tucker. It is not surprising that the Anglican Church, under the missionary society of the Church, took the lion`s share in the new administration after the signing of the Agreement.
The agreement had three sections: power-sharing, the public finance system and the country. But there were difficulties because Kabaka Chwa was only a minor who was not involved in the negotiations. 20. If, in the first two years following the signing of this agreement, the Kingdom of Uganda does not pay the Ugandan administration, the taxation of indigenous peoples is half the amount owed to the number of inhabitants; or should, at any time, not pay, without reason or excuse, the aforementioned minimum taxes due in relation to the population; or the Kabaka, ugandan leaders or people should at all times adopt a policy clearly unfaithful to the British protectorate; Her Majesty`s government will no longer be bound by the terms of this agreement. On the other hand, if the revenue from the shack and arms tax exceeds a total value of $45,000 per year for two years, Kabaka and district chiefs have the right to call on Her Majesty`s government to increase subsidies to Kabaka and grants for ministers and local leaders. that this increase is in the same proportional ratio as the increase in income from the taxation of indigenous peoples. During the Kabaka minority, these three civil servants are made up of the regents and, if they act in this capacity, they receive a salary of 400 USD per year. Her Majesty`s Senior Representative in Uganda has direct access to Kabaka at all times and has the power to discuss Uganda`s issues alone with Kabaka or, during its minority, with the regents; but normally the three officials above will hold most of kabaka`s affairs with the Ugandan government. Unlike the treaties of 1893 and 1894, the Ugandan Convention of 1900 included clear borders of the Kingdom of Uganda, a land ownership system and a tax policy. In 1935, Sir Philip Mitchell arrived in Uganda as governor after serving in Tanganjika for the past sixteen years.
He was convinced that the relationship between Uganda and the protective power should have a different character than that of the local authorities and the Tanganjika government.  Recognizing that the early protectorate had produced a pattern of growing distrust and clandestine change, Mitchell devised a plan to reform and restructure the system between the protectorate government and the Buganda government.  In asserting that the relationship between the protectorate government and the government of Buganda`s mother was that of protected and non-indirect domination, he planned to replace the post of provincial commissioner of Buganda with a resident and to remove district officials from the centre, provided that Kabaka was required to follow the advice of the resident and his collaborators.  However, under the Uganda Agreement of 1900, Kabaka was only in the false