However, secularism as a constitutional protection for all religions has been interpreted by state officials as representative of the institutional Church in all cases representing Indian Catholics (or, in Kanyakumari, all matters relating to fishing villages) and, in this sense, it has been welcomed by the Catholic Church,8 since it has served there, strengthen the sense of a natural and undisputed unity between the institution and its members. The Second Vatican Council was a stronger challenge to this conception of secularism than mutual adaptation. .